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Global Hunger Index 2021 Pdf
Global Hunger Index 2021 Pdf
No. Of Pages: 60
PDF Size: 3.55 MB
Language: English
Category: Government
Source: globalhungerindex.org
Global Hunger Index 2021 Pdf

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) for 2021 predicts a catastrophic hunger scenario in a globe beset by disasters. Progress toward Zero Hunger by 2030, which has already been much too slow, seems to be stalling or possibly reversing.

According to current GHI estimates, by 2030, the globe as a whole—and 47 nations in particular—will have failed to reach a low level of hunger. Conflict, climate change, and the COVID-19 pandemic—three of the most powerful and destructive factors driving hunger—threaten to obliterate any recent success against hunger. Hunger is intimately linked with violent conflict, which shows no signs of abating. Climate change’s effects are becoming more visible and expensive, yet the world has yet to find a truly effective method to moderate, much alone reverse it. And the COVID-19 pandemic, which erupted in various areas of the globe in 2020 and 2021, has shown how susceptible we are to global contagion and the health and economic repercussions that come with it.

Despite the fact that GHI scores indicate that global hunger has decreased since 2000, progress is slowing. Between 2006 and 2012, the global GHI score dropped 4.7 points, from 25.1 to 20.4, although it has only dropped 2.5 points since then. The worldwide prevalence of undernourishment—one of the four indicators used to compute GHI scores—is rising after decades of decline.

Hunger and food systems in conflict settings

The intersection of conflict and hunger, as well as the steps we must take to break the links between the two in order to contribute to a more peaceful and food-secure planet, is the focus of this year’s special essay by Caroline Delgado and Dan Smith of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

The key messages from the essay are:

  • The number of active violent conflicts is on the rise. Violent conflict remains the main driver of hunger, exacerbated by climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Food systems in conflict-affected countries are often characterized by a high level of informality, structural weakness, and vulnerability to shocks.
  • Without achieving food security, it will be difficult to build sustainable peace, and without peace the likelihood of ending global hunger is minimal.
  • The two-way links between conflict and increased food insecurity and between peace and sustainable food security are unique to each case and often complex.
  • Breaking the links between conflict and hunger and harnessing the potential of food systems to contribute to peace will demand good contextual evidence, well-grounded knowledge of the setting, and cooperation between peace, humanitarian, and development actors.
  • To integrate a peace-building lens into the creation of resilient food systems and a food security lens into peace building, we propose four priorities:
  1. A flexible and agile approach that reflects local perceptions, aspirations, and concerns;
  2. An emphasis on working in partnerships that bring together local, national, and international actors, with their diverse knowledge;
  3. Integrative work through hubs that convene key actors and build coalitions inclusive enough to advance peace and food security; and
  4. Commitment by major donors to get funds out of separate siloes and focus them on integrative work.
Global Hunger Index 2021 Pdf
Global Hunger Index 2021 Pdf

The value of the GHI as a composite index

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a method for measuring and tracking hunger on a global, regional, and national scale. Each year, GHI scores are computed to evaluate progress and setbacks in the fight against hunger. The GHI is intended to increase awareness and knowledge of the fight against hunger, to offer a means to compare hunger levels across nations and regions, and to draw attention to parts of the globe where hunger levels are highest and where further efforts to eradicate hunger are most needed.

Hunger is difficult to quantify. To get the most out of the GHI data, it’s important to understand how the scores are generated and what they can and can’t tell us. More information is available here.

Global Hunger Index 2021 List

Rank in 2021Country2000200620122021
1-181Belarus2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Bosnia & Herzegovina9.36.72.5<52.5<5
1-181Brazil11.57.45.52.5<5
1-181Chile2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181China13.392.5<52.5<5
1-181Croatia2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Cuba2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Estonia2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Kuwait2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Latvia5.52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Lithuania2.5<52.5<52.5<52.5<5
1-181Montenegro6.52.5<52.5<5
1-181North Macedonia7.57.72.5<52.5<5
1-181Romania7.95.952.5<5
1-181Serbia6.15.32.5<5
1-181Slovakia65.32.5<52.5<5
1-181Turkey10.26.552.5<5
1-181Uruguay7.46.752.5<5
19Argentina6.45.65.25.3
19Costa Rica75.5<55.3
21Uzbekistan24.316.69.55.9
22Tunisia10.37.876
23Bulgaria8.68.17.86.1
23Mongolia30.223.412.86.1
25Albania20.715.98.86.2
25Russian Federation10.17.16.46.2
27Georgia12.38.8<56.3
28Kazakhstan11.212.38.16.4
29Saudi Arabia1112.18.26.8
29Ukraine137.16.96.8
31Algeria14.511.78.96.9
32Armenia19.313.310.47.2
33Azerbaijan2515.910.67.5
33Paraguay11.711.69.57.5
35Iran (Islamic Republic of)13.58.98.17.7
36Dominican Republic15.113.210.28
36Peru20.616.49.28
38Jordan10.88.18.58.3
39Mexico10.28.67.88.5
40Fiji9.698.18.6
40Jamaica8.699.18.6
40Kyrgyz Republic18.313.911.78.6
43Morocco15.517.59.68.8
44Colombia10.911.49.38.9
44El Salvador14.71210.48.9
44Panama18.71510.18.9
44Trinidad & Tobago1111.310.88.9
48Lebanon11.613.212.39.7
48Turkmenistan20.114.811.99.7
NDMoldova (Rep. of)*9.90-9.9*
50Suriname15.111.410.410.4
51Guyana17.115.612.110.7
52Cabo Verde15.411.912.310.8
53Thailand18.512.312.411.7
54Mauritius15.2141312.2
55Oman14.713.811.612.3
56Egypt16.314.415.212.5
57Bolivia (Plurinational State of)27.723.315.612.7
58Honduras21.819.613.812.8
58Malaysia15.413.712.412.8
60South Africa18.117.612.712.9
61Viet Nam26.321.81613.6
62Ecuador19.718.912.814
62Nicaragua22.317.414.914
64Ghana28.42217.914.9
65Sri Lanka21.92020.616
66Senegal3424.119.216.3
67Gabon2120.218.616.6
68Philippines2520.420.516.8
69Cambodia41.127.124.217
69Eswatini24.523.221.817
71Myanmar39.831.622.917.5
72Gambia2927.522.117.6
73Indonesia26.129.52318
74Cameroon35.730.923.118.6
75Solomon Islands2018.220.218.8
76Bangladesh3428.928.619.1
76Nepal37.430.923.119.1
78Lao PDR44.131.925.719.5
79Guatemala28.424.62219.6
79.1NDTajikistan*19.910-19.9*
80Namibia25.325.826.620.2
81Malawi43.133.526.221.3
82Benin3427.72422.2
82Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)14.611.27.422.2
84Côte d’Ivoire33.337.13022.3
85Mauritania31.928.923.622.6
86Iraq23.923.927.522.8
87Kenya36.731.225.423
88Botswana26.726.224.323.2
89Togo39.136.525.323.7
90Ethiopia53.543.433.524.1
91Burkina Faso44.935.829.724.5
92Mali41.736.824.824.7
92Pakistan36.733.132.124.7
92Tanzania (United Republic of)40.633.629.124.7
95Sudan29.825.1
96Korea (DPR)39.533.129.125.2
97Angola6546.927.826
98Rwanda49.338.33126.4
99Djibouti44.336.935.427.4
99Lesotho32.529.624.627.4
101India38.837.428.827.5
102Papua New Guinea33.630.333.727.8
103Afghanistan50.942.734.328.3
103Nigeria39.532.530.428.3
105Congo (Republic of)34.934.628.530.3
106Mozambique4838.231.531.3
106Sierra Leone57.752.734.731.3
108Timor-Leste46.136.232.4
109Haiti4243.635.232.8
110Liberia48.1403533.3
110.1NDGuinea*34.920–34.9*
110.2NDGuinea-Bissau*34.920–34.9*
110.3NDNiger*34.920–34.9*
110.4NDUganda*34.920–34.9*
110.5NDZambia*34.920–34.9*
110.6NDZimbabwe*34.920–34.9*
111Madagascar42.841.634.336.3
112Democratic Republic of the Congo50.645.342.339
113Chad50.851.245.739.6
114Central African Republic48.94840.543
115Yemen4138.838.445.1
115.1NDBurundi*49.935–49.9*
115.2NDComoros*49.935–49.9*
115.3NDSouth Sudan*49.935–49.9*
115.4NDSyrian Arab Republic*49.935–49.9*
116Somalia58.157.965.150.8

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